The New Translation of the Mass - Reforming the Reform
Today, the Catholic Church in the English speaking world began using a revised translation of the Roman Rite that more closely resembles the idioms in the Latin. After Vatican II, when the English speaking Church began using a vernacular translation, the basis for the translation was to make the concepts understandable to English speakers, translating the meaning rather than simply translating the words. Pope John Paul II, in a reform of the reform, instructed that the translation be revised to reverse this.
Last night, I compared a copy of the new translation to my Loras College Missal, which was written prior to Vatican II. The new translation and the translation for congregants to follow along are not dissimilar. While some prayers have changed - mostly to remove invocations to St. Michael and Saints Peter and Paul, the similarities are surprising - especially in the language used by the priest.
At Mass today, it was easier for the congregation to adjust to the longer prayers (the sung prayers have little participation anyway on the best day). What was the hardest was the response to the prayer "The Lord be with you." The new response, which is actually quite ancient, is "And with your spirit." It was the one that no one got. Whether automatically or intentionally, most of the congregation responded with "And also with you." The reform will be complete when the automatic response becomes "And with your spirit."
When the new/old translation was being implemented, there was a bit of resistance to it, even among some of the bishops - especially with how it was done from the top down. While the bishops adopted it cooperatively, it was pretty much an offer that they could not refuse. This brings up an interesting question on Church governance.
The Roman Catholic Church in America and throughout the English speaking world uses the Roman Rite because our patriarch is the Roman Pontiff. In the Latin Church, all patriarchs are in union with Rome, however there are patriarchates leading other Great Churches in Catholicism which do not. They regard their leader, the Ecumenical Patriarch and Archbishop of New Rome and Constantinople as the first among equals - however they are autocephalous (self-headed). There is no Curia which governs Orthodoxy the way the Pope and his Curia govern the Latin Church. As the existence of Orthodoxy shows, more local control is possible while still remaining Catholic.
The imposition and acceptance of a new translation ultimately must pass the test of popular acceptance. Whether the people accept "and with your spirit" rather than "and also with you" is the acid test. If they do not, they could demand a more "Orthodox" relationship with Rome, with an authentic English Rite and an English speaking patriarch, with or without their own code of Canon Law. While any adoption of such a reform is best done with the permission of Rome, if the people speak with a clear voice and claim that the Lord is truly with them on this, they cannot be denied - especially by a Pope who seems to be making overtures to Constantinople himself. There was an ancient Church, the Church of the Galatians, which were made up of Gallic/Celtic people rather than Latins. It could be officially revived rather than thought of being a new invention.
Of course, the people could simply conform to the new/ancient usages - which do have a certain poetry to them. Whether they do or not is ultimately up to God, not the Pope or the Bishops. I personally like the reform of the reform, just not how it was done. More will be revealed.
The theological implications of "and with your spirit" are also interesting. They invoke a rather Aristotelian/Cartesian world view of the soul controlling the body but being somehow separate from it. This contrasts with both modern neuroscience and the ancient beliefs about the necessity of the bodily resurrection for eternal life. Experiments on perception show that the brain first has a thought before the consciousness perceives it, so our perceptions are best regarded as a reflection of what goes on within our beings rather than our beings themselves. This does not mean we are not free, as some would infer, only that our freedom is tied into a more integrated self. Part of who we are is our brains working rather than being our physical servant. This is actually a reflection of the Trinity. The Father is the Mind and Perfection of God and the Son is the expression or Word of the Father. Taking us back to the Mass, it would seem that "and also with you" may be the more authentic expression of what is happening with the human soul than "and with your spirit," although the latter is more poetic in Latin and English.
Who could have thought that the new translation had implications for neuroscience? This could very well be a learning and teaching moment for the Church if others take up this discussion, which is ripe to have given the debate with the new atheists over just this topic.